Abubakar Shekau: Shugaban Boko Haram mai tsattsauran ra’ayi

(FILES) A cikin wannan faifan bidiyon da aka dauka ranar 15 ga Janairun 2018, daga wani faifan bidiyo da kungiyar masu kaifin kishin Islama ta Boko Haram ta fitar a wannan ranar ya nuna shugaban kungiyar Boko Haram Abubakar Shekau rike da babbar bindiga. – Shugaban kungiyar Boko Haram, Abubakar Shekau ya kashe kansa a yakin da yake yi da mayakan jihadi masu gwagwarmaya daga kungiyar Islamic State West Africa (ISWAP) a cewar wani sauti na AFP da aka samu daga kungiyar a ranar 6 ga Yuni, 2021, makonni biyu bayan da rahotanni suka bayyana cewa ya mutu. Mutuwar tasa ta nuna wani babban sauyi a yakin da aka kwashe shekaru 12 ana jihadi a Najeriya wanda ya kashe mutane sama da 40,000 tare da raba kusan miliyan biyu da muhallansu a arewa maso gabashin kasar. Har yanzu kungiyar ta Boko Haram ba ta ce komai a hukumance ba game da mutuwar shugabansu yayin da sojojin Najeriya suka ce suna gudanar da bincike kan ikirarin. (Hotout ne / BOKO HARAM / AFP) /

Abubakar Shekau, shugaban Najeriya na kungiyar masu jihadi ta Boko Haram, kungiyar IS ta taba yin watsi da shi saboda ya kasance mai tsattsauran ra’ayi.

Dan tawayen, wanda ya kashe kansa a musayar wuta kamar yadda kungiyar Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP), ta karbi ragamar kungiyar Boko Haram, wacce aka fi sani da Jama’tu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad (JAS), a 2010, bayan wanda ya kafa ta Mohammed Yusuf ya mutu a hannun ‘yan sanda.

Mai jihadin, wanda ba a san shekarunsa ba, ya fice zuwa sanannen duniya a cikin 2014 tare da sace ‘yan mata mata 276 a garin Chibok da ke can nesa, wanda ya haifar da yunkurin #BringBackOurGirls.

Jim kaɗan bayan haka, Kwamitin Tsaro na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya sanya takunkumi a kan kungiyar kuma Amurka ta ayyana Shekau a matsayin “ɗan ta’addar duniya”.

Shekau wanda aka haifa a arewacin jihar Yobe dake arewacin Najeriya, dan kabilar Kanuri ne wanda iyayen sa talakawa manoma ne da suka yi kaura daga Nijar makwabta.

Bayan da ya karanci ilimin tauhidin Islama da kuma rungumar akidar Wahabiyanci ta Sunni, sai Shekau ya zama mai wa’azin gida. A 1990, ya koma Maiduguri babban birnin jihar Borno.

“Ya kasance mutum ne mai saukin kai wanda zai yi musayar yawo da mutane a cikin unguwa. Ya shahara popular a matsayin dalibin ilimin tauhidi, “in ji Grema Kawudima, daga yankin Mafoni da ke cikin garin, a wata hira da aka yi a watan Satumba na 2012.

A wani dan yankin, Butari Gwoni, ya ce, Shekau ya auri diyar malamin ne, amma ta mutu a wajen haihuwa, wanda hakan ya zama silar fuskantar matsalar tabin hankali nan gaba, a cewar wasu.

A wata sanarwa da aka fitar ta shekarar 2012 daga daya daga cikin faya-fayan bidiyon farfagandarsa na farko, Shekau ya ce: “Ina jin dadin kisan… yadda nake jin dadin yanka kaji da raguna.”

Abrasive, m
Hanyar Shekau zuwa tsattsauran ra’ayi ya fara ne ta hanyar yin karatunsa a cikin Karatun Addinin Musulunci a Kwalejin Kwalejin Shari’a da Nazarin Addinin Musulunci ta jihar Borno.

A can ne ya hadu da Mamman Nur, wanda daga baya zai shirya harin bama-baman da aka kai a ofisoshin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a babban birnin tarayya Abuja, wanda ya kashe mutane 26. Nur ya gabatar da Shekau ga Yusuf, wanda ya kafa kungiyar Boko Haram.

“Shi (Shekau) ya kasance mai saukin kai, wanda ba ruwansa a farko,” in ji Kayam Bulama, dalibi a lokaci guda.

“Amma jim kadan bayan Mamman Nur ya alakanta shi da Mohammed Yusuf, ya fara zama mai zafin rai da tsattsauran ra’ayi, yana kaurace wa sauran dalibai tare da yin cudanya da ‘yan uwansa mabiya darikar.”

An kashe Yusuf ne a shekarar 2009 yayin wani samame da sojoji suka kai wa kungiyar wanda ya yi sanadiyyar mutuwar mutane 800. Kungiyar ta shiga karkashin kasa a takaice daga baya, har sai Shekau ya karbe iko.

A karkashin jagorancin Shekau, kungiyar Boko Haram ta mayar da yankin arewa maso gabas zuwa yankin da ba za a je ba, inda ta yi shelar “halifanci” a garin Gwoza da ke Borno a 2014.

Wani mummunan farmaki a shekarar 2015 da sojojin Najeriya suka samu tare da goyon bayan sojoji daga Kamaru, Chadi da Nijar sun fatattaki masu jihadi daga mafi yawan yankin da suke a da.

Duk da ci gaba da ayyukan soji kan Boko Haram, kungiyar ta nuna juriya kuma tana ci gaba da kai hare-hare ba kakkautawa.

A watan Disamba, kungiyar ta dauki alhakin yanka manoma 76 a wajen Maiduguri.

A watan da ya gabata, ‘yan kungiyar ta Boko Haram a cikin manyan motoci da aka sanya wa manyan bindigogi da kuma a kan babura sun mamaye wasu sassan birnin na Maiduguri, kafin jami’an tsaro su fatattake su.

Mai taurin kai, mai daidaito
A cikin farfagandar sa, masu tayar da kayar baya ba su da tabuka komai, tare da rera wakokin ido wanda ke nuna murnar ayyukan mummunan tashin hankali.

Amma da yawa ba su yarda da ra’ayin cewa ya yi fama da tabin hankali ba.

“Babu shakka yana da wayo saboda iya zama jagora na tsawon lokaci,” in ji Jacob Zenn, wani mai bincike a Gidauniyar Jamestown da ke Washington, ya shaida wa AFP.

Zenn ya ce: “Ya kasance mai yawan tunani, mai saurin fushi, mai tsaurin ra’ayi, da taurin kai,” Fiye da shekaru 10, “bai canza ba, yana da daidaito, ba ya son yin sulhu.”

Rashin yarda ya hada shi ne ya haifar da rabuwar kai tsakanin kungiyar ta Boko Haram.

Shekau ya karfafa kaifin dabarun, ciki har da amfani da mata da kananan yara ‘yan kunar bakin wake, abin da kungiyar IS ta ce ba ta yarda da shi ba.

“Ya dauki Musulman fararen hula wadanda ba sa biyayya ga JAS a matsayin wadanda aka halatta,” in ji mai binciken Rukunin Rikicin Vincent Foucher a cikin wani rahoto.

“Ya kuma nuna adawa ga wasu kwamandoji da yawa,” in ji shi, “tare da abin da suka gani na tara kudi da makamai da kuma kin raba wannan garabasar ga wadanda ba ya so ko kuma ya amince da su.”

A shekarar 2016, manyan kwamandojin Boko Haram wadanda ba su amince da dabarun Shekau ba suka fice daga inda kungiyar take a dajin Sambisa suka nufi yamma zuwa dajin Alagarno.

Bayan ‘yan watanni, shugaban kungiyar su, Habib Yusuf, dan Mohamed Yusuf, kungiyar IS ta amince da shi a matsayin shugaban ISWAP a hukumance.

ISWAP, wanda tun daga lokacin ya sha fama da sauye-sauye na ciki, yanzu shine babbar barazanar sojojin Najeriya.

A cikin wani sauti da kamfanin dillacin labarai na AFP ya samu daga wannan majiyar wanda ya isar da sakonni na baya-bayan nan daga kungiyar, wata murya mai kama da ta shugaban kungiyar ISWAP Abu Musab Al-Barnawi ta ce Shekau ya mutu ne bayan da mayakanta suka yi ta farautar sa na tsawon kwanaki biyar.

“Shekau ya gwammace a wulakanta shi a lahira da ya sami wulakanci a Duniya. Ya kashe kansa nan take ta hanyar tayar da abin fashewar, ”in ji muryar da ke magana da yaren Kanuri.

Har yanzu kungiyar ta Boko Haram ba ta ce komai a hukumance ba game da mutuwar shugabansu yayin da sojojin Najeriya suka ce suna gudanar da bincike kan ikirarin.

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