Dokar hana fitar Twitter a Najeriya ta jawo ce-ce-ku-ce

HOTUNAN Twitter: AFP

Kafofin watsa labarai da masu fafutuka a Najeriya na fargabar kasarsu na fadawa cikin matsin lamba bayan da gwamnati ta dakatar da Twitter a kasar da ta fi yawan mutane a Afirka, inda matasa masu alakar wuce gona da iri suka rungumi dandalin a matsayin hanyar zanga-zanga.

Hukuncin a ranar Juma’a, kwanaki bayan da Twitter ta goge wani kalami daga Shugaba Muhammadu Buhari, tuni ya harzuka kasashen duniya game da ‘yancin faɗar albarkacin baki da kira ga zanga-zanga ta kan layi da kan titi.

“Yana da matukar muhimmanci mu matsa baya da sauri, saboda za su iya wucewa,” in ji wani jami’in yada labarai na sada zumunta a wani babban gidan talabijin da ya nemi a sakaya sunansa.

Fiye da ‘yan Nijeriya miliyan 120 ke da damar yin amfani da intanet, kuma kusan miliyan 40 daga cikinsu na da shafin Twitter – kashi 20 cikin 100 na yawan jama’ar, a cewar wani mai bincike na NOI da ke Legas.

Faransa, idan aka kwatanta, tana da masu amfani da Twitter miliyan takwas ne kacal.

Adadin na Najeriya an bayyana ta wani bangare ta yawan mutane da matasa, har ma da tasirin da ‘yan kasashen waje ke da shi, da kuma shaharar fim din da taurarin Afropop, in ji Manon Fouriscot, co-kafa Afrique Connectees consultancy.

Nazarin ya kuma nuna cewa fiye da sauran dandamali na kafofin sada zumunta, ‘yan Najeriya “suna amfani da Twitter don ba da murya ga marasa murya da shiga gwamnati kan batutuwan da suke jin suna tafiya ba daidai ba a cikin kasar a zahiri”, a cewar NOI Polls.

A watan Oktoban da ya gabata, zanga-zangar zanga-zangar #EndSARS da ke nuna adawa da cin zarafin da rundunar ‘yan sanda ta SARS – ko Special Anti-Robbery Squad – reshen’ yan sanda, wanda ya fadada zuwa kira na sake fasalin kasa, ya fara fashewa a Twitter kafin ya hau kan tituna.

Abubuwan tallafi na Afropop tare da miliyoyin masu biyan kuɗi, sannan kuma suka sake turawa ta hanyar manyan masu tasiri na duniya, #EndSARS shine mafi kyawun hashtag a duniya tsawon kwanaki biyu.

Zanga-zangar da ta biyo baya ita ce mafi girma a tarihin Najeriya na zamani, wanda ke haifar da fargaba game da rashin kwanciyar hankali kafin jami’an tsaro su fatattaki masu zanga-zangar.

Wasu masu watsa labaran Najeriya sun damu matuka game da daukar matakin da aka yi a shafin Twitter wani bangare ne na cin zarafin ‘yan jaridu gaba daya.

Masana’antar tana bukatar yin aiki tare don “amsar karfi da amsar gama gari,” in ji babban jami’in yada labarai na kafar sada zumunta, wanda ke da mabiya da dama a shafin Twitter.

Mai watsa labarai mai zaman kanta DAAR Communications ta sanar da cewa ta gabatar da korafi kan lalacewar bukatun tattalin arzikinta. Sauran, kamar su Arise TV, har yanzu suna amfani da Twitter don raba labarai daga ofisoshinsu a Ingila ko Amurka.

“Twitter ya kasance, a Najeriya, da ƙari a kan nahiya, wata hanya ce ga ƙungiyoyin fararen hula don bayyana kansu, don motsawa, don faɗakar da ra’ayoyin jama’a na duniya,” in ji Fouriscot, masani kan amfani da hanyoyin sadarwar jama’a a Afirka.

‘#Kiyayewa’ ‘
Gwamnatin Najeriyar ta ce dakatar da shafin na Twitter ya zama dole saboda an yi amfani da dandalin ne domin gudanar da ayyukan da ka iya dagula lamura a kasar.

Tare da dakatarwar da aka yi, Najeriya ta shiga cikin kasashe kamar China, Turkey da Myanmar wadanda duk sun matsa don takaita hanyoyin shiga Twitter da sauran kafofin sada zumunta na Yamma.

Gwamnatin Najeriya ta ce tana tattaunawa da Twitter kan dakatarwar.

Hukuncin na Abuja ya samu amincewar ne a ranar Talata daga tsohon shugaban Amurka Donald Trump, wanda shi kansa aka hana shi shiga Twitter da Facebook.

Sanarwar ta ce “Yawancin kasashe ya kamata su dakatar da Twitter da Facebook saboda ba su damar kyauta da bude baki.”

“Su wanene za su iya yin umarni da nagarta da mugunta idan su kansu miyagu? Da alama ya kamata na yi shi lokacin da nake Shugaban kasa. ”

Katafaren kamfanin nan na sada zumunta a Amurka bai ba da wani karin bayani ba tun bayan bayanin farko da ya yi a makon da ya gabata yana mai cewa ya damu matuka da shawarar da Najeriya ta yanke.

“Za mu yi aiki don dawo da dama ga duk wadanda ke Najeriya wadanda suka dogara da Twitter don sadarwa da cudanya da duniya. # KiyayeOn, “in ji sanarwar.

Kian Vesteinsson, wani manazarci ne kan bincike kan Fasaha da Dimokiradiyya ga cibiyar bincike ta Freedom House, ya ce Najeriya ta riga ta tsaurara matakan kula da kafofin yada labarai ta yanar gizo a shekarun baya.

A ranar Litinin, hukumar da ke sa ido kan nishadi ta kasa NBC ta bukaci dukkan gidajen rediyo da talabijin a kasar da su goge asusunsu na Twitter, kuma ta yi gargadin cewa duk wani amfani da hanyar sadarwar za a dauke shi “mara kishin kasa”.

Hakanan za a ɗauki yin amfani da VPN don ɓatar da ikon gwamnati a kan Twitter a matsayin babban laifi ga ma’aikatar bayanai.

‘Komawa zuwa mulkin kama karya’?
Amma babu irin wannan dokar da majalisar ta zartar kuma irin wannan matakin zai keta ‘yanci na yau da kullun da aka kafa a cikin kundin tsarin mulki na 1999, ranar da hukuma za ta nuna karshen mulkin kama-karya na sojojin Najeriya.

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da kungiyoyin kare hakkin dan adam kamar Amnesty International sun yi Allah wadai da haramcin a matsayin takaita ‘yancin fadin albarkacin baki.

“Najeriya ta koma kan mulkin kama-karya,” in ji Kola Tubosun, wani masanin harshe da rubutu a Najeriyar, a cikin mujallar Foreign Policy.

“Ya bayyana cewa mun dawo cikin 1984 a karkashin mulkin soja.”

Wannan yana nuni ne ga karon farko da Buhari, wani tsohon janar, ya mulki Najeriya bayan juyin mulki kafin dawowar mulkin dimokuradiyya.

Amma tuni ‘yan Najeriyar 2.0 suka fara sake tsara kansu a shafukan sada zumunta a karkashin taken #KeepItOn da kuma kokarin shirya wata zanga-zangar sananniya a ranar 12 ga watan Yuni.

A ranar Litinin da yamma, a kan ClubHouse, wani dandalin tattaunawa game da zamantakewar jama’a wanda ke ƙara zama sananne a Nijeriya, duk batutuwan da za a yi muhawara a kansu a bayyane suke: “Yin tsayayya da Mulkin kama-karya?” ko “shekaru 23 da suka gabata, Abacha Ya Mutu Yau,” yana nufin shugaban mulkin soja na 1990, Sani Abacha, da kuma “Shin Nijeriya ta koyi wani abu ne?”

Duk an yi muhawara ba tare da VPN ba.

Author: Arewa Republik

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