Babban bankin duniya ya ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a Najeriya na kara haifar da aikata laifuka

Matafiya na neman sararin samaniya a cikin motar bas duk da tsadar abin hawa a Legas, Najeriya, a watan Afrilu 20, 2021. – Tuni tattalin arzikin Najeriyar ya fara fuskantar faduwar farashin man fetur, babbar fitarwa ta Najeriya, da kuma karancin kudin kasar na cikin gida, kafin annobar duniya ta fada.
Yanzu hauhawar farashi a Najeriya ya haura zuwa shekaru hudu sama da 18 a watan Maris na 2021, inda farashin kayan abinci ya tashi da kashi 22.9, a cewar Hukumar Kididdiga ta Kasa. (Hoto daga PIUS UTOMI EKPEI / AFP)

Bankin Duniya ya ce hauhawar farashin kayayyaki na kawo nakasu ga farfadowar tattalin arzikin Najeriya, wanda ke jefa ‘yan Najeriya miliyan 7 cikin talauci tare da karfafa aikata laifuka saboda hauhawar farashi ya rage karancin kudaden shigar da ake samu.

A cikin rahotonta na Bunkasar Ci gaban Najeriya, Babban Bankin Duniya yana aiwatar da ci gaban tattalin arziki na 1.8% a wannan shekara, idan aka kwatanta da na baya na 1.2%. Amma ta yi gargadin cewa ba tare da yin gyare-gyare mai zurfi ba, tattalin arzikin zai ci gaba da bunkasa a hankali fiye da saurin fadada yawan mutane da kimanin kashi 2.6% a shekara.

Koyaya, hasashen tare da karuwar rashin aikin yi da hauhawar farashi, Bankin Duniya ya ce, yana jagorantar ‘yan Najeriya da yawa cikin kamfanonin masu aikata laifuka domin cike gibin da aka samu a babbar mai samar da mai a Nahiyar.

A wata alaka daftarin aiki da aka buga a watan Janairu mai bayar da bashin wanda ke zaune a Washington ya ce karuwar mutane da illolin da cutar ta COVID-19 ke haifarwa zai sa kusan mutane miliyan 10 a kasar ta Afirka ta Yamma cikin talauci nan da shekarar 2022. Duk da wannan, Shugaban Najeriya Muhammadu Buhari ya fada a cikin jawabin 12 ga Yuni cewa gwamnatinsa ta da aka cire miliyan 1.5 daga talauci a cikin shekaru biyu da suka gabata kuma wannan gwamnatin na da nufin fitar da miliyan 10 daga talauci cikin shekaru 10.

Ya kuma bayyana matakin da gwamnatinsa ta dauka na dakile yaduwar cutar da rage tasirin kwayar a cikin kasar a matsayin “mai nasara”.

Bankin Duniya ya bayyana cewa karuwar rashin tsaro a cikin shekaru biyu da suka gabata ya kara jinkirta ayyukan tattalin arziki kuma ya bar mutane da yawa ba su da aikin yi, abin da ke haifar da mummunan tashin hankali da aikata laifuka.

“Duk da cewa kana da mutane da yawa da ke shiga cikin harkar ba da fatawa, ayyukan laifi sun zama daya daga cikin hanyoyin da za a bi,” in ji daraktan Bankin Duniya na Najeriya, Shubham Chaudhuri, a wata hira. “Dangane da hauhawar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, hakan na nufin kara tabarbarewa ikon saye da harkokin rayuwar ‘yan Najeriya da dama.”

Chaudhuri ya sake nanata cewa dole ne gwamnati ta samar da wani shiri na farfado da tattalin arziki mai dorewa kafin bankin ya saki rancen dala biliyan 1.5 da aka fara tattauna shi sama da shekara daya da ta gabata.

Duk da yake hauhawar farashi ta ɗan sassauta don watanni na biyu madaidaiciya zuwa 17.9% a watan Mayu, ya kasance a kusan shekaru huɗu tare da haɓakar farashin abinci a fiye da 20% shekara-shekara. Babban Bankin Duniya yana ganin hauhawar farashi a matsakaita na 16.5% a wannan shekara kuma ya kasance sama da 9% saman rukunin harba aƙalla 2023.

Babban Bankin na Duniya ya kalubalanci matsayin babban bankin cewa hauhawar farashi ya samo asali ne daga matsalolin samar da kayayyaki, yana mai nuni da tsaurara matakan musayar kudi da kuma fadada manufofin kudi a matsayin manyan dalilan habakar farashin.

Marco Hernandez, babban masanin tattalin arziki na Bankin Duniya na kasar ya ce “Shawarwarin da suka shafi manufofin da suka shafi musayar kudi, kasuwanci, da lamura na kudi da na kasafin kudi ne ke haifar da hauhawar farashi, musamman a lokacin 2021, fiye da abubuwan da suka shafi fitina da rikice-rikicen yanayi.”

Rashin sahihiyar hanyar amintar da kudi ne ya sa hauhawar farashi ya daukaka, inda babban bankin ke kokarin cimma buri da yawa, kamar sarrafa karin farashin, inganta ci gaban tattalin arziki, da kuma daidaita daidaituwar musanya, a cewar rahoton.

Kodayake babban bankin ya dauki matakin hada darajar musayar a hukumance da wacce masu saka jari da masu fitar da kaya ke amfani da ita, har yanzu canjin bai nuna karfin kasuwar ba, in ji Bankin na Duniya.

Babban Bankin na Duniya ya bukaci babban bankin Najeriya da ya yi niyyar kara samun sassauci ta hanyar sake kafa kasuwar hada-hadar dala a tsakanin kasashen biyu, ta yadda za a bai wa bankuna damar yin canjin kudaden kasashen waje da kansu don kara samun kudi da kuma ci gaba zuwa wani tsari.

Adadin hauhawar farashin kaya a Najeriya a ranar Talata ya sake faduwa a wata na biyu a jere ya tsaya a 17.93% a watan Mayu 2021 daga 18.12% da aka rubuta a watan Afrilun 2021, a cewar rahoton farashin masu sayen kaya da Hukumar Kididdiga ta Kasa (NBS) ta fitar.

A cewar rahoton, alkaluman farashin mabukata, (CPI) wanda ke auna yawan hauhawar farashin ya karu da kashi 17.93% (shekara-shekara) a watan Mayu 2021. Wannan ya nuna kaso 0.19% kasa da na wanda aka rubuta a watan Afrilun 2021 (18.12%) .

Lissafin da aka sa ido sosai ya sauka daga 22.72% wanda aka rubuta a watan Afrilu 2021 zuwa 22.28% a cikin Mayu 2021, yana nuna raguwa ta biyu a jere a cikin jerin abincin.

A kowane wata, karamin sashin abinci ya karu da 1.05% a watan Mayu 2021, zuwa kashi 0.06% daga 0.99% da aka rubuta a watan Afrilu 2021.

Wannan tashin farashin kayan abinci ya samo asali ne sakamakon karin farashin Burodi, hatsi, Madara, Cuku, Kwai, Kifi, kayan sha mai taushi, Kofi, Shayi da Koko, ‘Ya’yan itãcen marmari, Nama, Mai da mai, da kayan lambu.

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