A cikin gasar mai guba, kamfanonin jiragen sama sun rungumi auren dace

Sun daɗe suna aiki cikin silos, tare da kishi da kuma gasa mara lafiya wanda ya lalata duka. Yanzu, ‘baƙon kwankwasiyya’ suna koyan haɗin gwiwar dabaru don raba nauyi da yanke asarar da za a iya guje wa. WOLE OYEBADE yayi rubutu akan babbar ribar da aka samu.

Gasa tana sa kasuwanci ya bunƙasa. A cikin masana’antun jiragen sama na Najeriya, gasa, son kai da sauran ƙalubalen muhalli suna kashe kasuwanci.

Kishiya mara sa lafiya hakika tana bunkasa a cikin ɓangaren. Da kyar masu aiki ke aiki. Ba sa kasuwanci tare ko kuma ba su da kyawawan dalilai na daya. Ga wasu, “yana rahusar alama ta”. Ga wasu, “menene Mista B ya sani game da kasuwancin jirgin sama?” “Zan nuna musu cewa nine babba”. Ba da daɗewa ba, ƙwallon dusar ƙanƙara cikin yakin ciniki. Redididdiga ko rahusa, siyarwa da hanyar tseren bera sun zama ƙirar gwaninta a cikin yankin.

Wani al’amari a wannan fannin ya tuna mana, idan da rana daya a daya daga filayen jirgin sama, jiragen sama guda shida, masu jigilar kaya daban daban, duk sun kawata atamfa, suna tayar da injin din daidai wajan. Fasinjoji dari ne kawai suka shiga cikin tashar – basu ma isa cika jirgi daya ba. Amma rabin-dozin suna jira.

A cikin ruhun “gasa”, sun yi tsalle don patronage. Wani kamfanin jirgin sama yana da 38. Wani kuma ya tashi tare da 12. almosta kusan kusan masifa ta babu abinda ya cika kujeru 120 da ake dasu. Amma duk da haka, ya tafi. Dukansu sun yi asara ne saboda rashin iya amfani da karfi da kuma zubar da aiki.

Wannan hoton yana kama da yawancin belin maraice da lokutan da ba su da ƙarfi. Fiye da mako ɗaya, wata ɗaya ko shekara, ƙididdigar asara babbar matsala ce. Kuma idan lokacin gyarawa kamar na C-rajista ya cika a cikin watanni 18, kamfanonin jiragen sama zasu fara jin ƙunci yayin da yake fitar da kusan dala miliyan 2 a kowane jirgi.

Yin aiki a cikin mummunan hannu
Tunda harkar zirga zirgar jiragen sama ta sami ‘yanci a shekarun 80s, masana’antar ta bude hanyar shigowa kyauta da kuma ficewa daga masu son aiki. Har ila yau, Dokokin Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama na Nijeriya (Nig. CARs) suna ba wa kamfanonin jiragen sama ikon fara farashin tikiti don dorewa.

Kodayake masana’antun da ke da alaƙa da sauƙaƙa ga musayar musayar ƙasashen waje, amma kamfanonin jiragen sama na cikin gida ba su da ƙarfi a kan sashin da aka ba da farashi na ƙima.

A shekarar 2016 lokacin da farashin dala zuwa dala ya tashi da kashi 100 cikin 100, farashin man jirgin sama, gyaran jirgi, da kayayyakin gyara duk sun ninka, amma ba kudin jirgi.

Misali, jirgin da ya tashi daga Lagos zuwa Abuja ya riƙe matsakaicin farashin N25, 000 a kan N360 / $ 1 – daidai farashin da ya sayar lokacin canjin ya kasance N160 / $ 1 a 2015.

A halin yanzu, a kan N485 / $ 1, kamfanin jirgin sama kwanan nan ya ba da kudin tikiti a kan N16, 500. “Yana da kyau kuma yana da kyau daga mahangar abokan ciniki, amma ba don harkar jirgin sama ba,” in ji wani Babban Jami’in.

Babban Daraktan, wanda ba zai so a ambaci sunansa ba, ya lura cewa koda a kan N30, 000 na tafiyar awa daya, kamfanin jirgin na tafiyar asara. A farashin kusan N30, 000 a kowane tikiti na ajin tattalin arziki, wanda aka ninka ta fasinjoji 120 akan jirgin B737, yana bada kimanin miliyan N3.6 a kowane jirgi. Akalla Naira miliyan daya daga cikin kudin na zuwa mai ne sannan kuma wani Naira miliyan daya tare da zuwa kudaden kasa da haraji. Don haka, an bar kamfanin jirgin sama da kimanin Naira miliyan ɗaya don kulawa da kulawa da ma’aikata tare da sauran wajibai.

“Ta wannan kimar ko da kuna da cikakken iko, wanda ya zama ba safai ba da jimawa ba, babu abin da ya rage don riba. Don haka, ban fahimci yadda wannan jirgin saman zai yi da’awar yana cikin kasuwanci ba da irin wannan abin ba’a. Amma abin da muke gani kenan a wannan masana’antar; wani wayo ne na kokarin tallata wasu, ya fitar dasu daga hanya, da kuma kara farashin, ”inji shi.

Wani sabon tunani a cikin Dana-Ibom Alliance
Wataƙila kamfanonin jiragen sama biyu da ba za su “yi kasuwa ba” ko kuma yunƙurin fifita junan su ba su ne Dana Airline da Ibom Air, mallakar gwamnatin jihar Akwa Ibom da kuma sarrafa su.

Kamfanin jirgin sama na Dana-Ibom Air shi ne karo na farko da masu jigilar kayayyaki ‘yan asalin kasar suka bi shawarar masana jirgin sama na kamfanonin jiragen da ke gogayya da su hada lamba, su samar da mafi yawan kwastomomin da suke da su, kuma su rage asarar aikin.

Babban mahimmin matakin ya baiwa Dana da Ibom tsarin kasuwanci inda dukkan kamfanonin jiragen sama tare suke bayar da jirgi zuwa wurare na yau da kullun, yayin da hidimomin aiki zuwa wuraren da basa cikin kowace hanyar jirgin sama na yau da kullun. Ta yin hakan, jiragen biyu suna faɗaɗa kasancewar kasuwar su da sawun gasa don sha’awar jama’a masu tashi.

Babban Jami’in Gudanar da Ayyuka (COO) na Dana Air, Obi Mbanuzuo ya ce tattaunawar ta fara ne kimanin shekara guda da ta gabata. “Wannan shi ne irinsa na farko ga kamfanonin jiragen sama na cikin gida a Najeriya kuma babban mataki ne kan hanyar da ta dace ga Dana Air da Ibom Air,” in ji shi.

COO na Ibom Air, George Uriesi, ya lura cewa ƙawancen zai ba da ƙarin mitoci zuwa wuraren da ake amfani da su tare da jigilar jiragen ruwa zuwa wuraren da kowane jirgin sama ba ya aiki, yana ba da ƙarin zaɓuɓɓuka ga fasinjoji da kuma riƙe kasuwanci ga kamfanonin jiragen biyu.

“Tare da fara wannan kawancen kasuwancin, kamfanonin jiragen biyu sun rungumi babbar hanyar aiki ta duniya. A Ibom Air, tsarin kasuwancinmu da jajircewa mai karko ya kasance abin dogaro na jadawalin lokaci, tashi daga lokaci zuwa kyakkyawan sabis. Saboda haka, a koyaushe muna kan sa ido don ingantattun kuma ingantattun hanyoyin da za mu yi wa abokan cinikinmu hidima, ”in ji Uriesi.

Aero yan kwangila, Aero AMO da Cally Air
Wani abin tarihi wanda yake sannu a hankali, kodayake yana canza tarihin a cikin yankin, shine ƙimar kwangilar Aero da haɗin gwiwa da kanta.

Gwamnan jihar Bauchi, Bala Mohammed (a hagu); Manajan Daraktan Daraktocin Aero, Capt. Abdullahi Mahmood; Kaftin Akinwale Awojebe, da tsohon Ministan Sufurin Jiragen Sama, Femi Fani-Kayode, a cikin jirgin farko na kamfanin jirgin sama na Aero Contractors zuwa Tafawa Balewa International Airport, Bauchi, ranar Laraba.

yaya? Tsohon kamfanin jirgin saman kasuwanci na asali yana da mummunan bala’i a shekara ta 2016. Gwamnatin Tarayya ta hannun Kamfanin Kula da Kadarori na Nijeriya (AMCON) sun karɓi kamfanin jirgin. A karkashin karbar kaya, kamfanin jirgin ya nutse cikin Kungiyar Kula da Jirgin Sama (AMO) kuma ya samu amincewar kula da Boeing 737 Classics a cikin gida – babbar nasara ga jirgin saman cikin gida.

AMO ya fara binciken C ne akan jiragen saman Aero dan kwangila, kusan rabin rabin babban jirgi da zai tafi tare da kula da kasashen waje, kuma ya taimaka ya daidaita bangaren kasuwancin jirgin sama na kamfanin.

Manajan Daraktan kamfanin jirgin, Capt. Abdullahi Mahmood, a ranar Litinin din nan ya ce AMO, wani bangare ne daban, ya taimaka kwarai da gaske wajen fadada hanyar Aero Contractors, wanda ya ba da karfin rundunar don fara ayyukan Bauchi da jirgi kirar B737-400.

Shugaban AMO, James Ominiyi, ya ce baya ga biyan babbar bukatar uwar kamfanin ta tare da C-cka biyar da tuni aka yi su a cikin gida, cibiyoyin sun kammala cak bakwai na Air Peace, uku na Max Air, daya na Dana Air, kuma biyu na ci gaba. don kamfanin jirgin sama na Air Peace.

Ya kara da cewa Aero AMO kwanan nan ya sami darajar DR Congo, Ghana Civil Aviation, tare da sabbin kawance da Tunisia, Malta da Mongolia a cikin aikin.

“Muna fadada ayyukanmu don tabbatar da cewa kamfanonin jiragen sama na cikin gida ba sai sun tafi kasashen waje sun kashe kudi sosai wajen yin c-checks ba. Yin hakan anan yana adana akalla $ 50,000 wanda da an kashe akan mai, cajin jirgin sama da alawus na ma’aikata.

“Muna fadada hangarmu ne domin saukar da karin jirage a lokaci guda. Mun cimma yarjejeniya don kafa hangar a Abuja. Mun riga muna da injiniyoyi 45 suna horo akan jiragen sama na E145 da Q400. Dole ne mu sayi kayan aiki kuma mu sami amincewa daga NCAA. Amma tafiya ta fara, ”in ji Ominiyi.

Jaridar The Guardian ta samu labarin cewa Aero Contractors shima yana yin kawance da gwamnatin jihar Cross Rivers domin gudanar da sabon kamfanin jirgin sama, Cally Air. Tare da jiragen sama biyu kirar B737 a doron kasa, Cally Air za ta ci gajiyar kwarewar Aero da kuma kauce wa tarkon farawar a bangaren da ke kyamar kurakurai.

Arin ƙawance, don Allah!
Gaskiya ba kwatsam ba ne manyan masu jigilar duniya ke kulla kawance. Babu kamfanin jirgin sama na zamani, komai girmansa, yana rayuwa shi kadai. Ta hanyar manyan ƙawance kamar Oneworld, Star Alliance da SkyTeam, har ma da magabatan masu jigilar kayayyaki suna tattara albarkatu don yin gasa tare da sauran kamfanonin jiragen sama da bayar da gasa ga abokan ciniki.

Shugaban Kamfanin Saber Network a Najeriya da yankin Afirka ta Yamma, Gbenga Olowo, ya shawarci masu gudanar da aikin na cikin gida da bukatar yin tafiya tare da na yanzu; kulla ƙawance ko haɗuwa don fitowa da ƙarfi da gasa.

Olowo ya ce kamar yadda kalubalen aiki a yanayin kasuwancin Najeriya ke da yawa, kamfanonin jiragen sama ba za su iya ci gaba da tafiyar da mutum-daya, karami amma marassa karfi a kan juna ba da fatan tsira wata rana.

A cewarsa, yana da kyakkyawar dabarun kasuwanci don samun kamfani daya ko biyu masu karfi fiye da kuri’a da ba za su iya gogayya da sauran kamfanonin Afirka ba.

Hukumar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Najeriya (NCAA) ba ta cikin ikon tilasta kawance tsakanin kamfanonin jiragen sama na A da B, amma fa’idodin hadin kai tsakanin kamfanonin jiragen saman da ke da dabi’u daya ya isa abin motsawa. Kuma yayin da jirgin sama na cikin gida ya haɓaka cikin yawan masu aiki, da yawa za su rayu tare da haɗin gwiwar cin nasara fiye da adawa mai lalata juna.

Author: Arewa Republik

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